Kids’ online safety – cracking the code

Photo courtesy Creative Commons

Photo courtesy Creative Commons

How to protect kids online? The Government is clueless!

The Department for Education plans to launch an online guide for parents and teachers, helping them decipher acronyms and other codes children use on social media.

The ParentInfo website is essentially a text-speak dictionary parents can access to decipher what kids are really saying online to protect them from pornography, paedophilia and “sexting”.  Abbreviations include: GNOC (get naked on camera); LMIRL (let’s meet in real life); DOC (drug of choice) plus warnings like PAW (parents are watching) and P999 (parent alert).

A marvellous idea in theory but I immediately recalled my own childhood that, despite being entirely Internet free nonetheless contained large amounts of pornography, albeit mostly in magazines, but also several videos. Some of this was largely purloined, interestingly, from a few of my parents’ more bohemian friends.

My friends and I also ran rings around adults in other ways with our own slang and teen-speak. Kids, as they say, will be kids.

I am not at all advocating giving children complete free-reign or access to pornography – boundaries must be set. I also agree parents and teachers need assistance. Technological developments now move so fast many must be left almost clueless. Once parents crack one code children, however, will almost certainly create another equally baffling. Again: kids will be kids.

Unless we therefore devote a branch of MI5 to this dilemma I fail to see how it can possibly succeed.

Another service ParentInfo offers is advice for parents on engaging with their children about the Internet and how to use it safely. Surely this is common sense and should now be as much a part of good parenting as explaining where babies come from.

I therefore fail to see the point of this whole endeavour.

Far more useful would be following the example of Belgian sexologist Goedele Liekens, who recently featured in Channel 4’s fascinating documentary Sex in Class, predictably slammed by the right-wing media.

Trialled in one school, Ms Liekens offered a ground-breaking approach to how teenagers should be taught about sex. Sex Education became as important to the curriculum as Maths or English.

Homework was even set. Girls were encouraged to explore their own bodies with a mirror. After voting on which photograph of vaginas in different states of hairlessness they preferred, boys were given a taste of their preference for the hairless and asked to shave their own pubic hair. Taught in co-educational classes, with an exam at the end, among other benefits the difference in girls’ assertiveness once the course was completed regarding what was acceptable behaviour from boys was inspiring.

If the Government put as much time and money into this worthy and tested scheme as it did another quick-fix solution designed to generate headlines, they might finally start helping the children they claim to want to protect.

My week without power

(Photo: courtesy Creative Commons)

Photo: courtesy Creative Commons

A final-year student homeowner struggling to pay my mortgage with a combination of student loans and dwindling savings, I’m always after ways to save money. I’m also environmentally responsible. With power bills both in the news and on the increase, the chance to go “off grid” for a week seems well timed.
My building doesn’t have gas so even hot water and heating are supplied electrically. At 5pm Friday I turn off my mains power. Except for a rechargeable battery bought on eBay for my laptop, to be used solely for university work, my electricity-free week’s commenced.
Friday evenings I usually unwind after a stressful week at university with some music, red wine and a ready meal before catching up on the week’s TV. After a particularly bad day the setting sun forces me to turn on two small battery-powered lamps a friend loaned me. With my battery-powered radio for entertainment I pour myself a glass of wine but this does little to improve my mood.
Despite the lamps’ light my flat’s still dark. I’m tired and listening to the radio in a gloomy flat, while trying to catch up on some recreational reading is not an especially relaxing end to a hard week. Apart from darkness, the most noticeable aspect is the silence. It’s amazing how used to the background hum of the fridge and other electronic devices you become and how much you miss them when they’re absent.
Already dreading tomorrow morning and the prospect of no hot water I decide I won’t subject myself to that particular ordeal. Therefore unless I make it to the gym I’ll just manage without.
Lacking the numerous electrical distractions I’m usually afforded via the TV, Internet and stereo, time so far seems to move more slowly: seconds become minutes, minutes become hours… you get the idea. This may be because the battery-operated living room clock seems much louder than usual but, I suspect, is more likely because I’m without the aforementioned devices.
Before bed as I clean my teeth with my electric toothbrush I realise I’ll need to buy a manual one tomorrow as the charge won’t last all week and this is something I can’t do without.
I’m delighted to see daylight the next morning. I still keep going to turn on lights as a matter of habit however and filled the kettle for my morning coffee before remembering I can’t boil it. Normally lazing about the flat until after midday, today I’m out the door before 11.
As the clocks go back that night, the following day my east-facing flat gets dark even earlier and, with a big storm due and temperatures expected to drop, I need encouragement.
I consider the energy I’m saving, an average of 11kWh over the week and decide to discuss this with an environmental campaign group like Friends of the Earth (FoE) who I expect will applaud my sacrifice. I’m in for a disappointment though.
“It’s a really laudable thing to go for,” agreed FoE energy campaigner Guy Shrubsole, after I explain how I’m living.
“Some of our work in the past has been more to do with encouraging micro-generation so people can have access to things like solar panels on their roofs, being able to install small-scale wind power and things like that.
“But we’ve mainly done work to allow people to try to sell that electricity back in to the grid so although there’s a greater degree of self-reliance, they’re not completely off-grid. People tend to struggle if they have to generate all their power themselves just for a domestic setting. So we’re much more supportive of opening up the market, the electricity sector, of giving power back to the people and decentralising power.”
He sees one of the biggest problems living this way is sheer impracticality, due to the amount of electricity generating equipment necessary to invest in capable of balancing out the differing highs and lows in both energy demand and supply. This equipment, as I’ve discovered from my online research, is not cheap. For even extremely basic kit, prices begin at over a thousand pounds. Proponents argue this eventually pays for itself, but if you’re on a tight budget how do you overcome this in the short-term?
“Some of the rates you can now get for the feed-in tariff [the money you receive for any excess power produced] for solar panel installation are still quite a good investment and something that’s being taken up by quite a lot of people around the country,” Mr Shrubsole said.
“But I think there’s a greater reluctance to do so because the government keep fiddling with the rates for it… and that’s obviously been very disruptive to the industry and disruptive to public uptake.”
As my week continues things don’t become easier. I begin to dread coming home to a flat that since Sunday night’s big storm and the end of BST, became noticeably colder and gloomier than before. I really miss my morning coffee and although I can go downstairs and across the road to a cafe it’s not the same. I’ve come dangerously close to cheating by using the computer battery to boil the kettle several times.
I’m already sick of washing my face in cold water every morning. It’s no substitute for a hot shower and I have too much work due to get to the gym even if it is only to wash. From the smell of my armpits I really should man up and use the face-washer to at least give them a clean. But if I’m suffering, anyone silly enough to get close to me with the miserable look now constantly on my face, deserves what they get.
From my window I jealously watch light warmly flicker through windows across the street. However even at the climax of my self-pity party I remember I at least have a choice. This is entirely voluntary. For hundreds of thousands of elderly, unemployed and low-earners forced to decide between paying their electricity bill or whether they eat, this must be truly depressing.
Arriving home Wednesday night, my flat’s really losing heat, forcing me to wear extra layers. Again I’m lucky – the cold weather’s barely begun and my triple glazing and modern building materials mean the flat’s hardly freezing, another reason for environmental groups like FoE’s shift away from self-sustainability.
“…even if they’ve not managed it entirely…they’ve been mostly satisfied but perhaps in equal measures frustrated at the difficulties in doing so. We don’t think it’s necessarily viable for a large percentage of the population…,” says Mr Shrubsole, referring to attempts to live off-grid.
“We’re much more interested in promoting the sustainability of the whole system we’ve got in the UK. Whether that means retrofitting housing with better insulation, which is a really vital thing we need to be doing or powering the country with cleaner energy from large scale and community level renewables.”
My own powerless week drags on. I really need to try to get to the gym for a shower later as I’m starting to gross myself out now and just feel dirty. Not in a nice way either.
Even in daylight, as nice as it is to see where everything is, my normally tidy flat resembles a tip – there’s stuff everywhere. I need to consider doing dishes, a chore, that with a dishwasher, I haven’t done for ages. I’m putting utensils in the sink but they’re piling up and starting to smell almost as badly as I do.
I didn’t need to hear this morning’s weather forecast to know last night was autumn’s coldest so far. I dreamt about blankets and woke up shivering. I really am sick of being cold.
That night switching on my two battery powered friends, I realize why I squinted more than usual attempting to read the paper the previous evening after finishing my studies. There’s a circle of less than three inches of dim light beneath each – I need new batteries.
The extra light makes me feel (a little!) better already. Now if only I’d had the money or foresight to have obtained a battery-powered heater but the winter duvet’s on now so I won’t dream of bedding tonight.
With two nights left, I’m counting the minutes until this nightmare is over. Even now I still futilely attempt to turn on lights whenever I enter a room. I’m forced to take these wretched lamps everywhere even the toilet and the batteries keep coming loose. I’m itchy, miserable and fantasize about the long hot shower I’ll have to scrub the filth off myself, the clean sheets I’ll sleep in and the heating on full-power while I open half a bottle of red and eat a hot meal naked in front of the TV. Tonight it’s cold (ish) chicken and salad again.
It’s also Halloween and if any kid dares knock on my door they’ll be told in no uncertain terms where they can put their Snickers. Roll on Friday.

Is careers guidance in England still working?

(Photo: courtesy Creative Commons)

(Photo: courtesy Creative Commons)

It once consisted of little more than a brief chat with the head or health and social care tutor in the final year of secondary school. During this, you would be told whether you should apply for university or, for the less academically able, not to waste your time and find a trade. Perhaps some work experience was even arranged, usually a week sitting in your Dad’s office where his secretary made a fuss and you made tea and did the photocopying.
Thankfully most readers won’t recognize this description, because of how much career guidance has changed for the better over the decades. Now degree-qualified professionals with years of training, careers advisers are government funded to work with both adults and young people.
Recently however, career guidance in England experienced dramatic changes. Like most of the public sector, the economic downturn meant cuts to budgets and therefore, the services available. Unlike other Government cuts to essential services such as policing, nursing or teaching, (career guidance is also a statutory right), this received little or no media attention.
“It’s careers guidance and I think the most important part is the guidance,” says Shaunagh Gwynn a London careers adviser with 26 years experience. “Lots of people have ideas of what they want to do but aren’t sure how to achieve it. When they seek help from non-professionals, say friends and family, the approach is: ‘I think you should do this’. When they come to careers guidance practitioners, it’s guidance – more a discussion: ‘You’re thinking about doing this, how do you think you’ll achieve it?’ It’s a conversation, taking them through how they achieve that goal. As part of career guidance quality standards, practitioners follow certain principles and work to those.”
Ms Gwynn is south London district manager for the National Careers Service (NCS), the publicly funded service for adults and young people (aged 13 and over). This appears to cover everyone but as will become clear this is not the case. Launched in April 2012, the NCS is only one of many major changes the Coalition’s pushed through since coming to power.
This worries David Milton, the Institute of Career Guidance (ICG) President, the UK’s largest professional body for the sector: “I’m particularly concerned about changes in England… in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland you still have a central government dimension to the provision of careers guidance. The significant thing that happened in England is the central duty to provide free guidance was transferred to schools, so the change is more dramatic.”
One senior manager with 18 years careers guidance experience working with youngsters in schools and sixth forms is scathing about the changes. Preferring to remain anonymous, M says: “This Government gave schools the power to employ their own careers advisers. That means they don’t have to come to a local authority (LA) careers service like us, what was the old Connexions careers service, or a private company… as a result you have more competition in the market but much less regulation. I would say [young people’s] careers guidance in the last two years, since the massive public sector cuts, is virtually non-existent throughout England.
“LAs have a duty to provide a [careers guidance] service to the most vulnerable. That’s wide open to interpretation and each LA is interpreting that in different ways. Some just employ special needs advisers to look after youngsters with special educational needs…it doesn’t mean their NEETs (not in employment education training) are being looked after, nor anyone else either.”
Because of the new duty placed on schools to provide career guidance, the Education Select Committee undertook an inquiry into careers guidance for young people in 2012 due out late January 2013. The duty on schools only started in September so the Select Committee deciding to instigate the inquiry before that duty was underway, suggests even Government concerns about what could happen.
Now responsible for adult advisers, for 13 years Ms Gwynn worked with young people. She is also critical of NCS guidance provision for them: “The only thing they can do at the moment is webchat, look it up on the Internet… Adults have the opportunity to have that face-to-face conversation. I know young people are very much into the Internet but there’s nothing like a face-to-face interview.”
It wasn’t supposed to be like this, however. In 2010, Conservative MP John Hayes, when Minister for Further Education, Skills and Lifelong Learning, delivered an inspirational speech about developing an all-age careers service at that year’s ICG Conference.
“That was what we hoped for and it seemed to be Government intention,” says Mr Milton. “The NCS is only a partial service so what we’d like to see is an extension of this so it caters not just for adult support but also takes in 18 to 16 year olds and young people in schools. Obviously that means changing policy and funding regimes.”
With the young people’s guidance on offer now different from one LA to the next, M agrees: ” Every Year 11 has the right, regardless where they are, to a fully qualified careers adviser, not just someone…who isn’t properly qualified or part of the ICG. I also think there needs to be a real focus on NEET… there needs to be an all-age career service like they have in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales so the transition is seamless and we can cater for everybody.”
With youth unemployment still at record levels and the recession set to continue for the foreseeable future, it seems better career service provision is now needed more than ever. Although cuts to these services saves money, are the risks of creating a lost generation and the problems this would bring, simply false economy?